TN Visa Categories for Canadians

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The TN Visa is available to citizens of Canada who have a job offer with a United States employer and are members of certain professions specifically mentioned in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). The TN visa can be issued for up to three years, and there is no limit on the number of times it can be renewed. The application process is easy and fast, making this visa a great option for Canadian citizens who meet the requirements!

Only the professions listed in NAFTA qualify for the TN visa. This is very important to understand. The Officer making the decision on the application will deny the application if the job offer is for a profession not listed in NAFTA. The complete list of NAFTA professions is below. If a profession is not on that list, the application will be denied. There are obviously many professions that are not on that list, including sales/marketing, management, computer programming, etc.

The proposed job duties are central to the application. The Officer will carefully analyze the duties of the proposed position to determine if it qualifies as a profession listed in NAFTA. The Officers typically rely on the Department of Labor’s Occupational Outlook Handbook to determine the duties that are appropriate for each profession. The proposed duties should be primarily those that are appropriate for the profession. For example, if you are applying as a Computer Systems Analyst, but will actually spend the majority of your time programming (which is not listed in the OOH as a duty of a Computer Systems Analyst), you would not qualify for the TN visa. It is critical that the job duties listed in your application reflect those of a qualifying profession, and that those duties are what you will actually be doing.

Each profession has specific degree and/or experience requirements. To qualify for the TN visa, the applicant must have the required degree and/or experience. The application must include the supporting documentation proving the applicant’s qualifications, such as copies of degrees, transcripts, letters from former employers, etc.

Be prepared for the interview at the border. The TN visa application is made at a designated Port of Entry with a U.S. Customs and Border Protection Officer. We strongly recommend that you only apply at a designated Port during the hours that Port accepts TN visa applications. Those are the times when an experienced Officer who has been trained to process TN visa applications will be on duty, and when you are most likely to receive a fair adjudication. During the application process, the Officer will not only review the application package, but will also interview the applicant regarding the proposed position, the company, their prior experience, their prior immigration history, and their non-immigrant intent. A well-prepared applicant will be knowledgeable about all of these items, and easily able to answer the Officers questions.

If you have a job offer in the United States, or are an employer considering hiring a Canadian citizen, submit an online inquiry or call our office today at 716-393-9878 for a free case evaluation with immigration lawyer Julie Kruger. Ms. Kruger will review the job offer and qualifications/experience of the candidate, and determine whether he or she qualifies for a TN visa.

GENERAL

Accountant–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or C.P.A., C.A., C.G.A., or C.M.A.

Architect–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Computer Systems Analyst–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma (3) or Post Secondary Certificate (4) and three years’ experience.

Disaster relief insurance claims adjuster (claims adjuster employed by an insurance company located in the territory of a Party, or an independent claims adjuster)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree and successful completion of training in the appropriate areas of insurance adjustment pertaining to disaster relief claims; or three years experience in claims adjustment and successful completion of training in the appropriate areas of insurance adjustment pertaining to disaster relief claims.

Economist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Engineer–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Forester–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Graphic Designer–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate and three years experience.

Hotel Manager–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree in hotel/restaurant management; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post Secondary Certificate in hotel/restaurant management and three years experience in hotel/restaurant management.

Industrial Designer–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.

Interior Designer–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.

Land Surveyor–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree or state/provincial/federal license.

Landscape Architect–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Lawyer (including Notary in the province of Quebec)–L.L.B., J.D., L.L.L., B.C.L., or Licenciatura degree (five years); or membership in a state/provincial bar.

Librarian–M.L.S., or B.L.S. (for which another Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree was a prerequisite).

Management Consultant–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or equivalent professional experience as established by statement or professional credential attesting to five years experience as a management consultant, or five years experience in a field of specialty related to the consulting agreement.

Mathematician (including Statistician)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Range Manager/Range Conservationist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Research Assistant (working in a post-secondary educational institution)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Scientific Technician/Technologist (6) –Possession of (a) theoretical knowledge of any of the following disciplines: agricultural sciences, astronomy, biology, chemistry, engineering, forestry, geology, geophysics, meteorology, or physics; and (b) the ability to solve practical problems in any of those disciplines, or the ability to apply principles of any of those disciplines to basic or applied research.

Social Worker–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Sylviculturist (including Forestry Specialist)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Technical Publications Writer–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree, or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.

Urban Planner (including Geographer)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Vocational Counselor–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

MEDICAL

Dentist–D.D.S., D.M.D., Doctor en Odontologia or Doctor en Cirugia Dental or state/provincial license.

Dietitian–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Medical Laboratory Technologist (Canada)/Medical Technologist (Mexico and the United States) (7) –Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or Post-Secondary Diploma or Post-Secondary Certificate, and three years experience.

Nutritionist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Occupational Therapist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Pharmacist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Physician (teaching or research only)–M.D. Doctor en Medicina; or state/provincial license.

Physiotherapist/Physical Therapist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree; or state/provincial license.

Psychologist–state/provincial license; or Licenciatura Degree.

Recreational Therapist-Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Registered nurse–state/provincial license or Licenciatura Degree.

Veterinarian–D.V.M., D.M.V., or Doctor en Veterinaria; or state/provincial license.

SCIENTIST

Agriculturist (including Agronomist)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Animal Breeder–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Animal Scientist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Apiculturist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Astronomer–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Biochemist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Biologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Chemist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Dairy Scientist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Entomologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Epidemiologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Geneticist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Geochemist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Geologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Geophysicist (including Oceanographer in Mexico and the United States)–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Horticulturist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Meteorologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Pharmacologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Physicist (including Oceanographer in Canada–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Plant Breeder–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Poultry Scientist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Soil Scientist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

Zoologist–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree.

TEACHER

College–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree

Seminary–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree

University–Baccalaureate or Licenciatura Degree